Geography of Ibiza


Ibiza is located about 90 kilometers east of the Spanish mainland and is part of the archipelago of the Balearic Islands, which in addition to a few small islands also include Mallorca and Menorca.
The distance from Ibiza to the mainland is around 100 km, similar to the distance from Ibiza to Mallorca, which is 150 km.


Ibiza is the most southwestern island of the Balearic Islands. The island is located on the 38th parallel north, almost 100 kilometers off the coast of mainland Spain in the Gulf of Valencia.

The climate in Ibiza is semi-arid (semi-arid). There is a clear summer dry season and several wet months at the end of autumn and winter on the island.
Summers in Ibiza are hot and dry, winters are mild and humid. Ibiza's overall climatic conditions are milder than on the northern neighboring islands of Mallorca and Menorca, which prevent the cool and humid weather currents from the Ebro and Rhone Valley.
The warmest days are in July, August and September with average daily maximum temperatures between 28 ° and 30 ° C. At night the temperatures do not drop below 20 ° C. The lowest daily temperatures are expected from December to February. On average, they then rise to a maximum of 15 to 16 degrees. At night, however, they rarely fall below seven to eight degrees.
From April to November, daytime temperatures of 20 ° C or more are usually always reached.
Interestingly, Ibiza has lower rainfall than Mallorca or Menorca. It rarely rains in midsummer. October and November are the rainiest months with an average of 6 to 7 rainy days.

Flora and fauna

The island of Ibiza can be roughly divided into four landscape zones: the north or steep coast, forests, cultivated land and farmland, beaches and bays.
The north coast is largely protected. The area ranges from the high plateau at Santa Agnès to the north-east tip of the island to Punta Grossa near Cala San Vicente. This region is sparsely populated. There are few localities and hardly accessible beaches and therefore very little tourism.

In the extensive evergreen pine forests of these landscapes, which are often interspersed with juniper bushes, rosemary, thyme and other wild herbs there grow also the rare holm oak, orchids and wild gladiolus.
On the coasts, beaches and bays and in wetlands such as Ses Salines, the water basins for salt extraction and Ses Feixes, the allotment garden zones around Ibiza Town, which were probably created by the Moors in the 11th century and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site the plants are particularly resistant to salt water. These wetlands are also the breeding grounds for many water birds. A flamingo colony lives all year round in the old salt basin of Ses Salines. Kestrels, ospreys and many other bird species such as seagulls, swallows, herons, cormorants and stilt also live in this area.
The culture and farming country of Ibiza is characterized primarily by a form of three-field farming, which is already known from the Middle Ages. Usually wheat, barley or oats are planted in these fields. Typically, almond, olive, carob and fig trees were cultivated in between.
On the edges of the often terraced fields, which were bordered with stone walls in dry construction, wild plants and vines grow for the farm wine. Corn poppy, margarite, spicy yarrow, wild fennel and wild asparagus.
In areas with groundwater or deep wells like San Antonio, fruits and vegetables are planted, especially melons, tomatoes, grapes, citrus fruits, but also legumes such as beans, lentils or peas.
Fruit trees with cherries, peaches, apricots, mangoes or avocados grow around Santa Gertrudis, a zone that is considered as fertile as the large plain in front of San Miguel.
The valley of San Mateo is known for its viticulture.
In addition to the Podenco Ibicenco, a dog breed (Pharaoh dog) introduced by the Phoenicians in Ibiza, there are a number of other indigenous animals in Ibiza. For example, the farm chicken Pollo payes, the Ibizan sheep, a wild rabbit and the pityuse lizard.