Ancient history

Ibiza has a lively history that has been shaped by very different cultures.
After the very early settlers (Iberians and Occitans), the first notable high culture that conquered Ibiza were the Phoenicians (7th to 2nd centuries BC).
They named the island Ibes or Ebusim, possibly after the Phoenician god Bes.
Other researchers attribute the name of the island to the Phoenician "ibusim", which means "island of fragrance" or "fragrant island".
The Phoenicians left behind impressive buildings, including the Puig des Molins (Hill of mills) necropolis, which is considered the most important known Phoenician burial site.
Hannibal is said to have been born on the island of Sa Conillera near Sant Antoni. Officially, however, he was born in Carthage. However, it is guaranteed that on his campaign against Rome (Second Punic War, 218–201 BC) Hannibal brought with him the notorious slingshot Els Foners Balears that gave the Balearic Islands their name.
After around 500 years of Phoenician rule, Ibiza was conquered by the Roman Empire, which had shortly before defeated Hannibal and which was clearly pruning the Carthage Empire. From then on Ibiza was called Ebusus.
After the partial collapse of the Roman Empire, Ibiza was conquered by the Vandals from Scandinavia in 426 AD and completely razed to the ground.
It was only around 100 years later that the Romans were able to drive out the vandals and conquer Ibiza again, but only for a short time.
This was followed by rule by the Byzantine Empire.
In 711, Ibiza was conquered by the Moorish Empire (at the same time as it landed on the mainland of Spain) and called Yabisa. This rule lasted around 500 years.
The modernization of agriculture with aqueducts and the cultivated areas terraced with natural stone walls are important witnesses of this era.
After changing times under Catalan rule, the rule within the Kingdom of Mallorca etc., the time of the Ibizan corsair began in the 16th century, which made large parts of the Mediterranean unsafe. They were often descendants of the Moorish occupiers.
(More information on Wikipedia)